Plants and the products derived from them, such as food, fuel, fibres and building materials have huge economic importance to humans many medicinal products are also derived from plants such as taxol, a chemotherapy drug that is produced from the endangered tree taxus contorta. Eighty per cent of the world's population depends on traditional medicine for its primary health care needs, a system of medicine in which most of the drugs and cures used come from plants yet many of the plant involved are increasingly threatened. Conservation of threatened medicinal plants/trees many native medicinal plant species, once found abundantly in the valleys of kullu, have become scarce and threatened in the wild largely due to population decline attributed to overexploitation, habitat degradation and loss and failure of natural regeneration. Prioritization of wild medicinal plant species for different states for guiding conservation action at the state level report edited by: ved, dk and gs goraya the expanding domestic and global demand of herbal products has put the native medicinal plant resources under significant stress.
In-vitro conservation studies are essential because it is figuring in the red list of medicinal plants of india, natural populations are dwindling and therapeutic values are well-established, mostly from roots and leaves (frlht, 1999. In all, i found 60 threatened medicinal plant species during the study period, of which 54 species occurred in the sampling plots twenty-two percent of threatened medicinal plant species were critically endangered, 16% were endangered, and 27% were vulnerable. 1 conservation of medicinal plants - general introduction india is floristically rich and is recognized as one of the twelve mega biodiversity centers of the world, ranking 10th among the plant resources rich nations of the world and 4th among the countries of asia india is the 7th largest country in the world and asia's 2nd largest nation with an area of 3,287,263 sq km, and is an.
A total of 23 rare and endangered medicinal plants were found in spiti, distributed over 10 major habitat types all the rare and endangered medicinal plants were localised and found in patches the patch size for different species varied greatly from 1 to 20,000 m 2. Ethno-medicinal survey of threatened plants in eastern ghats, india c pattanaik 1, threatened medicinal plants by local tribal people in eastern ghats of india information on from the study area were either endemic or threatened the need for the conservation of. Medicinal plants at risk for all of these reasons, the study and conservation of medicinal plant (and animal) species has become increasingly urgent the accelerating loss of species and habitat worldwide adds to this urgency already, about 15,000 medicinal plant species may be threatened with extinction worldwide experts estimate that. Need and importance of conservation of endangered tree keywords: oroxylumindicum , sonpatha, endangered, medicinal plants, conservation threatened of these, threatened 41 taxa are possibly extinct in the wild, 152 are endangered, 102 are vulnerable, 251. The hotspots for vulnerable/threatened medicinal plants in the national park area are cholangpati-gosaikunda and langtang-kyanjin sectors and illegal trade is the main factor behind the vulnerable status of many medicinal plants (humagain and shrestha 2009.
The government has taken note of the survey by botanical survey of india (bsi) that out of 8,000 medicinal plants, following 53 species are under threatened categories like critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable. Trade of threatened himalayan medicinal and aromatic plants-socioeconomy, management and conservation issues in garhwal himalaya, india r s chauhan. Abstract:conservation of threatened species of medicinal plants and their habitats and support for livelihood security through protection of wild medicinal plants based on sustainable harvesting this deals about the promotion of sustainable medicinal. The officials said the medicinal plant resources are threatened by over exploitation to meet the demand of herbal industries as per the information received from the ministry of environment and forests in india, about 95 percent of such plants are harvested from the wild, primarily from forests. A protocol for in-vitro conservation of tylophora indica (burm f) merrill - an important medicinal plant -has been developed t indica plants cultured in ms medium supplemented with 054 μm.
Conservation of medicinal plants1) introduction india has one of the richest plant medical cultures in the world herbal plants that have been used by ayurveda, sidda, unani &tibetan system of health care face an uncertain future due to over exploitation. Threatened species of medicinal plants of india threatened species for each state of india several factors are putting india’s medicinal plants at risk of the problems are compounded by market-demand driven harvesting without any concern for representation and conservation in the process essential regenerative components of a. Conservation assessment and management prioritisation (camp) for wild medicinal plants of north-east india (vol 11, p 40) newsletter of the medicinal plant specialist group of the iucn species survival commission. The powerpoint ppt presentation: threatened medicinal plants diversity of gujarat : its conservation and development measures is the property of its rightful owner do you have powerpoint slides to share.
The project puts a special focus on conservation and sustainability of the rare and threatened medicinal plant species establishment of tanadugphodrang the other part of the project is the establishment of a tanadugphodrang based on bsowa rigpa , the traditional bhutanese medicine text. Conservation of medicinal plants in karnataka: initiatives so far, gaps and challenges ahead : pdf home this threatened list of medicinal plants offers a list of prioritized medicinal plants in the country, which are in need of conservation but the challenge is to find an effective model that ensures their conservation. Conserving threatened plant species ensuring the future of threatened tree species bgci's work, with partners including fauna & flora international (ffi) and the chinese academy of science (cas), has higlighted the plight of threatened tree species linking medicinal plants conservation and sustainable livelihoods.
Pioneers in the industry, we offer research methodology in plant science books, analytical methods for medicinal plants book, indian ethnobotany: bibliography of 21st century books, conservation of threatened desert plants books, flora of madhya pradesh (western part) books and herbaceous plants as natural protective food books from india. Today’s update also shows that over-collection and habitat destruction are placing enormous pressure on many medicinal plants the iucn red list now includes 77,340 assessed species, of which 22,784 are threatened with extinction. Threatened medicinal plants biodiversity of eastern himalaya and its conservation 87 conservation, and (iii) these locations had good forest plantation management and had altitudes. Conservation studies of 45 threatened medicinal plants were carried out for assessment of their conservation status, threats and recommendations growing in mankial valley hindukush range pakistan phytogeographically, the valley is present in the sino japanese floristic region and is a hot spot of endemism.
The international authoritative databases enlisting threatened and endangered plants are mostly silent for most of the threatened plant species of india due to lack of information lack of effective governance policies further worsens the situation. Medicinal plant conservation medicinal plant specialist group volume 15 medicinal plants utilisation and conservation in the small island states of the sw indian ocean with threatened with extinction” a few weeks later, professor farnsworth sent a base.